Natasha Wheatley is an historian of modern European and international history, with broad interests in intellectual and legal history, Central Europe, and the history of international law. Her book The Life and Death of States: Central Europe and the Transformation of Modern Sovereignty was published by Princeton University Press in spring 2023. It recovers Habsburg Central Europe as a crucible for modern statehood and modern legal thought. The radical mismatch between theories of singular sovereignty and the empire’s plural, layered legal order pushed politicians as well as scholars like Hans Kelsen toward bold new conceptions of the state and the nature of law. The book follows a recurring set of questions about the juridical birth, death, and survival of states through the creative experiments of Austro-Hungarian constitutional order and into the domain of international law following the empire’s collapse in 1918. Tracing the problem of states-in-time from the mid-19th century through to the mid-20th, it presents an unfamiliar pre-history of the international law of decolonization, as well as new ways of understanding Central Europe in the world.
Wheatley has published research on multiple facets of the interwar international order—including the League of Nations, the mandates system, and the minorities regime—in Past & Present and elsewhere. Her interest in methodology, historical epistemology, and the philosophy of history has led to essays in History and Theory and the edited volume Power and Time. Her article “Spectral Legal Personality in Interwar International Law” received the Surrency Prize from the American Society for Legal History in 2018. Her chapter “Legal Pluralism as Temporal Pluralism” was awarded the 2021 Scholarship Prize from the American Society of International Law’s International Legal Theory Group. Supported by a Humboldt fellowship and a Remarque fellowship, she is currently at work on a new project titled Laws of Water, Air, Earth, and Fire: Sovereignty Among the Elements.
Wheatley received her Ph.D. with distinction from Columbia University in 2016. Before joining the Princeton faculty, she was an ARC Postdoctoral Fellow in the Laureate Research Program in International History at the University of Sydney. She has held fellowships in Vienna, Berlin, and Cambridge, and her research has been supported by the Doris G. Quinn Foundation, the Austrian Agency for International Cooperation in Education and Research, the Central European History Society, and the Australian Academy of the Humanities, among others. She was a Fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg in Berlin for the 2019-20 academic year.
The Life and Death of States: Central Europe and the Transformation of Modern Sovereignty (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2023).
Power and Time: Temporalities in Conflict and the Making of History (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2020), co-edited with Dan Edelstein and Stefanos Geroulanos.
Remaking Central Europe: The League of Nations and the Former Habsburg Lands (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020), co-edited with Peter Becker.
Journal Special Issue
“Towards a History of the Decolonization of International Law,” co-edited with Samuel Moyn, Journal of the History of International Law 23, no. 1 (2021): 1-228.
Articles and Chapters
“Law and the Time of Angels: International Law’s Method Wars and the Affective Life of Disciplines,” History and Theory 60, no. 2 (2021): 311-330.
“What Can We (She) Know About Sovereignty? Krystyna Marek and the Worldedness of International Law,” in Women’s International Thought: A New History, ed. Patricia Owens and Katharina Rietzler (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021), 327–344.
“Legal Pluralism as Temporal Pluralism: Historical Rights, Legal Vitalism, and Non-Synchronous Sovereignty,” in Power and Time, ed. Edelstein, Geroulanos, and Wheatley (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2020), 53–79.
“Central Europe as Ground Zero of the New International Order,” Slavic Review 78, no. 4 (2019): 900-911.
“Spectral Legal Personality in Interwar International Law: On New Ways of Not Being a State,” Law and History Review 35, no. 3 (2017).
“New Subjects in International Law and Order,” in Internationalisms: A Twentieth-Century History, ed. Patricia Clavin and Glenda Sluga (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017), 265–286.
“Mandatory Interpretation: Legal Hermeneutics and the New International Order in Arab and Jewish Petitions to the League of Nations,” Past and Present 227 (2015): 205–248.
“The Mandates System as a Style of Reasoning: International Jurisdiction and the Parceling of Imperial Sovereignty in Petitions from Palestine,” in The Routledge Handbook of the History of the Middle East Mandates, ed. Andrew Arsan and Cyrus Schayegh (Abingdon: Routledge, 2015), 106–122.
Photo credit: Nina Subin